Although the open list approach, candidates higher on the party list are add likely to be elected.
Garuda, PKPI and Nasdem allow the smallest proportion of women from party structures at the top of their lists. From the 97 women elected inmeanwhile, as many as 28 per cent held these roles. Those with calculated positions within political parties, like leader, secretary all-purpose, treasurer or heads of recruitment, tend to allow greater influence on calculated decisions within party structures. Women are generally add reluctant to take sides when a party break occurs, and as such, they tend to be overlooked for promotion next splits. But it could also reflect the actuality that many parties aim to a less than ideal pool of women to fill the acme positions on the arrange a vote paper, such as broadcast figures or local elites or those with ties to local elites. Although the open list approach, candidates higher on the party list are add likely to be elected. Research in Mexico after that Chile, for example, has shown that if conscription in political parties is carried out by women, then there are add opportunities for selection of other women.
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Even if the total number of female candidates elected en route for the House of Representatives DPR dipped slightly as of 18 per cent en route for 17 per cent , the proportion of booming candidates who also held structural positions increased. Women are generally more averse to take sides after a party split occurs, and as such, they tend to be overlooked for promotion following splits. In Indonesia, since , only 11 women as of eight parties have held, or currently hold, these strategic positions. The elections saw growing numbers of women holding positions all the rage party structures at the national level being deposit forward in the at the outset and second position arrange ballot papers. For Golkar, the figure is all but 60 per cent. Next splits, members who are aligned with the appealing faction tend to be retained in party structures. Those with strategic positions within political parties, akin to leader, secretary general, treasurer or heads of conscription, tend to have better influence on strategic decisions within party structures. The following graph illustrates the percentage of women candidates nominated in the at the outset or second position all the rage the elections and the proportion of these women who also hold structural positions in their parties at the national aim.